The following titles serve to correct erroneous regnal and mint attributions in Svoronos, as well as other untenable ideas. No attempt has been made to include the many publications which describe new varieties unknown to Svoronos.
1. Otto Mørkholm and Anne Kromann, SNG Copenhagen, vol. 41: Egypt: The Ptolemies (Copenhagen, 1974). Best general catalogue of Ptolemaic coins currently accessible to most numismatists, but many regnal and mint attibutions require revision.
2. Otto Mørkholm, Early Hellenistic Coinage (Cambridge, 1991), pp. 63–70, 101–111. Useful overview of Ptolemaic coinage to about 200 B.C., especially valuable for reconstructions of the bronze currency systems of Ptolemy II and Ptolemy II.
3. R.A. Hazzard, Ptolemaic Coins: An Introduction for Collectors (Toronto, 1995). Overview of Ptolemaic coinage to end of dynasty, treated as a series of special topics. See also the review by C. Lorber, AJN 7–8 (1995–96), pp. 256–276.
4. Orestes H. Zervos, “The early tetradrachms of Ptolemy I,” MN 13 (1967), pp. 1–15. Chronology of the earliest tetradrachms of Ptolemy I to about 310 B.C., including Alexandrine, Alexander/Zeus, and the high-relief Attic-weight Alexander/Athena Promachos types.
5. Brooks Emmons, “The overstruck coinage of Ptolemy I,” MN 6 (1954), pp. 69–83. Overstrikes prove sequence of different tetradrachm types, demonstrate recall of old coinage.
6. Orestes H. Zervos, “The Delta hoard of Ptolemaic ‘Alexanders,’” MN 21 (1976), pp. 37–58. Die study of the low-relief reduced-weight Alexander/Athena Promachos tetradrachms, with analysis of engravers and chronological conclusions.
7. G.K. Jenkins, “An early Ptolemaic hoard from Phacous,” MN 9 (1960), pp. 17–37. Overview of silver coinage of entire reign of Ptolemy I, including different types, weight standards, and approximate dates.
PTOLEMY I – EARLY REIGN OF PTOLEMY III
8. Alain Davesne and Georges Le Rider, Gulnar II: Le Trésor de Meydancikkale (Ciicie Trachée, 1980) (Paris, 1989), Ch. IV. “Les Ptolémées.” Mint attibution, metrological analysis, and proposed dating for Ptolemy/eagle tetradrachms to early years of Ptolemy III.
9. I. Varoucha-Christodoulopoulos, “Les témoignages numismatiques sur la guerre Chrémonidienne,” Congresso Internazionale di Numismatica 1961 (Roma, 1965), pp. 225, 226. Find of Ptolemy II bronzes with shield near Athens places their issue before end of Chremonidian War in 262 B.C.
10. A. Davesne, “Une contremarque au trident sur certaines monnaies de Ptolémée II Philadelphe,” BSFN 42/2 (February 1987), pp. 145–149. Trident countermark applied in Cyprus to revalidate bronzes demonetized by reform of c. 265 B.C.
11. Hyla A. Troxell, “Arsinoe’s non-era,” MN 28 (1983), pp. 35–70. Corpus of Phoenician and Palestinian gold octadrachms of Arsinoe II to 242/1; stylistic comparison establishes approximate dates for her Alexandrian gold octadrachms and silver decadrachms, whose obverse letters are shown not to represent dates as believed by Svoronos.
12. Otto Mørkholm, “A group of Ptolemaic coins from Phoenicia and Palestine,” INJ 4 (1980), pp. 4–7. Reattribution of a small group (including Svor. 701–704, 757, 785–786, 794, and 821) from year 23 of Ptolemy II to year 23 of Ptolemy III.
THIRD-CENTURY BRONZE COINS
13. M. Jessop Price, Ch. 11, “The Coins,” in The Anubieion at Saqqara I (London, 1988), pp. 66–76. Hoard of large bronzes clarifies sequence of bronze emissions of Ptolemy II and III.
14. Edward T. Newell, Ch. V. “Hoard of Ptolemaic bronze coins,” in Five Greek Bronze Hoards, NNM 68 (New York, 1935), pp. 51–67. Large bronzes of Ptolemy II through IV.
15. Veronique van Driessche, “A propos du monnayage des Ptolémés au IIIe s. av. J.-C.” RevArchHistArtLouvain 21 (1988), pp. 63–74. Metrology and denominational structure of bronze coinage of Ptolemy III and IV.
16. Catharine C. Lorber, “Large bronzes in third-century Ptolemaic hoards,” AJN forthcoming. Sequence of bronze emissions of Ptolemy II through IV; identity of the bronze drachm; cornucopiae countermarks signal coinage reform under Ptolemy IV.
PTOLEMY IV – PTOLEMY VI
17. Otto Mørkholm, “The Ptolemaic ‘coins of an uncertain era,’” NNÅ 1975–76, pp. 23–58. Series of dated tetradrachms and didrachms imitative of Ptolemaic types attributed to Aradus (but see Hazzard, Ptolemaic Coins, p. 34 for an alternate interpretation).
18. Otto Mørkholm, “The portrait coinage of Ptolemy V. The main series,” Essays Thompson, pp. 203–214. Coinage minted in Phoenicia and Palestine during Fifth Syrian War.
19. R.A. Hazzard, “A review of the Cyprus hoard, 1982,” NC forthcoming. Cypriote silver didrachms of Dionysiac type and minors with royal portraits began under Ptolemy V.
20. Otto Mørkholm and Anne Kromann, “The Ptolemaic silver coinage on Cyprus, 192/1–164/3 B.C.,” Chiron 14 (1984), pp. 149–165. Die study, mostly of dated tetradrachms with mintmarks, but die link also attaches Svor. 1302–1305 to Paphos.
21. M. Jessop Price, Appendix J, “The Coins,” in The Sacred Animal Necropolis at N. Saqqara (London, 1981), pp. 156–165. Hoards offer valuable evidence for sequence of bronze emissions of Ptolemy V.
PTOLEMY VI AND HIS SUCCESSORS
22. Ino Nicolaou and Otto Mørkholm, Paphos I: A Ptolemaic Coin Hoard (Nicosia, 1976). Regnal and mint attibution of dated tetradrachms of Ptolemy VI through Ptolemy IX–X, based on die sequences in large Cypriote hoard.
23. Otto Mørkholm, “The last Ptolemaic silver coinage in Cyprus,” Chiron 13 (1983), pp. 69–79. Die study complementing incomplete evidence from the Paphos hoard.
24. Otto Mørkholm, “Ptolemaic coins and chronology: The dated silver coinage of Alexandria,” MN 20 (1975), pp. 7–24. Chronology and regnal attribution of five dated series.
25. Henri Seyrig, Syria 27, pp. 45–46. Portrait bronzes of Cleopatra dated to 21st Egyptian regnal year (Svor. 1887–1889) attributed to Chalcis.
26. Otto Mørkholm, “Cyrene and Ptolemy I: Some numismatic comments,” Chiron 10 (1980), pp. 145–159. Coinage of Cyrene under Ophellas, Ptolemaic strategos c. 322–314.
27. T. V. Buttrey, Excavations at Cyrene: The Coins from the Demeter Sanctuary (University of Pennsylvania, forthcoming). Excavation coins provide overview of Ptolemaic bronze coinage in Cyrene, much of which has been misattributed to Cyprus. For a less detailed treatment, see Buttrey, Studies Grierson, p. 23 n.1.
28. Ino Nicolaou, Paphos II: The Coins from the House of Dionysus (Nicosia, 1990). Excavation coins help to identify Cypriote issues. Unfortunately, the book is available in only a few major libraries.
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